Diabetic neuropathy is a complication that is sometimes caused as a bi product in those who suffer from diabetes. In detail diabetic neuropathy is defined as nerve damage that has taken place due to complications from diabetes. In diabetics individuals this nerve damage is caused when glucose (blood sugar) levels rise too high for an extended period of time thus causing nerve damage. There are four categories of diabetic neuropathy – peripheral, autonomic, proximal, as well as focal.
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
This is the most common type of neuropathy that diabetic patients suffer from, and the areas of the body most affected are the peripheral extremities such as the arms, hands, and more frequently the feet and legs. The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include numbness, tingling, burning, as well as pain. Usually diabetic neuropathy treatment can be obtained if the symptoms are caught early, when blood sugar levels are kept under control, and when certain preventative measures are taken.
Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy
This type of neuropathy most frequently affects the digestive system, stomach, blood vessels, urinary system, and sexual organs. The treatment for each type of diabetic neuropathy is different, for example if the symptoms affect the digestive system treatments may include eating smaller meals and/or treating with medication. When the symptoms are in regards to the blood vessels the individual should try and avoid standing up to quickly, and also wear special stockings to aid in circulation.
Diabetic Proximal Neuropathy
Diabetic proximal neuropathy causes pain on one side either in the thighs, hips, or buttocks. It can also precursor weakness in the legs. Management for the pain and weakness is usually a necessary for this type of diabetic neuropathy and can include both medication and physical therapy. Depending on the amount of nerve damage that might have previously taken place prevention of proximal neuropathy will consists of keeping blood sugar levels under control.
Diabetic Focal Neuropathy
This type of diabetic neuropathy can attack very suddenly and most often will affect the nerves located in the head, torso, or leg causing muscle weakness and pain. The good news when seeking a treatment for this diabetic neuropathy in regards to focal neuropathy is that while painful and unpredictable, this type is more likely to improve itself over weeks or months and doesn’t usually cause long-term damage.
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